indonesia facts and history

Yudhoyono won reelection in a landslide in July's presidential election. History - History - National Symbols - Expanded History - Events and Holidays - Timeline; Photos - Video - Photos - Video - Videos; Travel - Travel - Travel Maps ... Indonesia Facts. A native of New York City, when he is not traveling, he can find an abundance of cultural influences right in his own city, enough to keep him satisfied until the next country's beckon cannot be ignored any longer. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on August 17 2018 in World Facts. After an attempted military coup was put down by army chief of staff, General Suharto, and officers loyal to him, Suharto's forces killed hundreds of thousands of suspected Communists in a massive purge aimed at undermining Sukarno's rule. 70’s Indonesian Music. Habibie unexpectedly ended 25 years of Indonesian intransigence by announcing in Feb. 1999 that he was willing to hold a referendum on East Timorese independence. The poor showing will force the party to form a coalition in order to nominate its candidate, Jakarta mayor Joko Widodo, as president. Indonesia has the most mammals in the world (515 species) and is inhabited by 1,539 bird species. In the 7th century, Indonesia fell under the influence of the Srivijaya kingdom, bringing Hinduism and Buddhism to the islands for the first time. Indonesia is the world’s largest country comprised solely of islands, a fact that puts the delicate islands constantly at risk of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, floods and tsunamis. Indonesia is the largest archipelago in the world. After Napoléon subjugated the Netherlands in 1811, the British seized the islands but returned them to the Dutch in 1816. June 7, 1999, marked Indonesia's first free parliamentary election since 1955. Due to huge demand for spices in Europe at the time, profits could be made selling them. Indonesia did not exist as yet during the Palaeocene period (70 million years BC), the Eocene period (30 million years BC), the Oligacene period (25 million years BC) and the Miocene period (12 million years BC). 8. There are so many islands, that less than 9,000 of them have been named! By about 2,500 BCE they learned to grow crops such as taro, bananas, millet and rice. , small states that were deeply influenced by Indian civilization began to develop in Southeast Asia, primarily at estuaries of major rivers. Factmonster is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. Islam arrived in the 13th century, and Java and Sumatra became powerful sultanates, while other islands continu… Internet users: 20 million (2009). The ruling Golkar Party took a backseat to the Indonesian Democratic Party-Struggle (PDI-P), led by Megawati Sukarnoputri, the daughter of Sukarno, Indonesia's first president. This large plant, endemic to Indonesia, is nicknamed the “corpse lily,” because it has a terrible odor which resembles decaying flesh. A 2004 tsunami took some 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. Megawati's PDI-P Party fared poorly in April 2004 elections, placing second behind the Golkar Party of former president Suharto. Dauntless Jaunter is a travel website committed to promoting socially-conscious, culturally-aware, educational, and enlightening sort of travel, as well as the importance and lifelong value of such travel. 5. The history of Indonesia has been shaped by its geographic position, its natural resources, a series of human migrations and contacts, wars and conquests, as well as by trade, economics and politics.Indonesia is an archipelagic country of 17,000 to 18,000 islands (8,844 named and 922 permanently inhabited) stretching along the equator in South East Asia. In the beginning. Hatta and Sukarno, the cofathers of Indonesian independence, split over Sukarno's concept of “guided democracy,” and under Sukarno's rule the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) steadily increased its influence. Thanks to its spectacular mountains, beaches and sweet natured people, Bali has become an exotic destination for relaxing and enjoying vacations. Jakarta, pop. After Tokyo, Japan, it is the second-most populous urban area in the world. Across its many islands, Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. Exports: $178.9 billion (2013 est. Are you interested in learning some facts about Indonesia? Located in southeast Asia, Indonesia is one of the world's most impressive countries. ): Jakarta, 9.769 million, Other large cities: Surabaya 2.787 million; Bandung 2.429 million; Medan 2.118 million; Semarang 1.573 million; Palembang 1.455 million, Languages: Bahasa Indonesia (official), English, Dutch, Javanese, and more than 580 other languages and dialects, Ethnicity/race: Javanese 40.1%, Sundanese 15.5%, Malay 3.7%, Batak 3.6%, Madurese 3%, Betawi 2.9%, Minangkabau 2.7%, Buginese 2.7%, Bantenese 2%, Banjarese 1.7%, Balinese 1.7%, Acehnese 1.4%, Dayak 1.4%, Sasak 1.3%, Chinese 1.2%, other 15% (2010 est. In 1975, Indonesia invaded the former Portuguese half of the island of Timor; it seized the territory in 1976. 17 Interesting Facts About Bali, Indonesia. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. In July 2007, prosecutors filed a civil suit against Suharto, seeking $440 million that he had embezzled and $1.1 billion in damages. In fall 2000, Suharto failed twice to show up in court to face corruption charges of embezzling $570 million in state funds, but his lawyers insisted he was too ill to stand trial. The religious influences of Buddhism and Hinduism arrived with the Srivajay kingdom. The Indonesian weather is relatively stable year-round. It is nestled between the Indian and Pacific Oceans and connects the Australian and Asian Continents. Next, the Buddhist Sailendra and the Hindo Mataram dynasties arose as the major powers in the land. Portuguese traders arrived early in the next century but were ousted by the Dutch around 1595. The 17,000 islands that make up Indonesia were home to a diversity of cultures and indigenous beliefs when the islands came under the influence of Hindu priests and traders in the first and second centuries A.D. Muslim invasions began in the 13th century, and most of the archipelago had converted to Islam by the 15th century. Indonesia is an archipelago in Southeast Asia consisting of 17,000 islands (6,000 inhabited) and straddling the equator. Read about the capital city Jakarta, the many volcanoes, its population, islands, borders, cuisine, popular sports and much more. Broadcast media: mixture of about a dozen national TV networks - 2 public broadcasters, the remainder private broadcasters - each with multiple transmitters; more than 100 local TV stations; widespread use of satellite and cable TV systems; public radio broadcaster operates 6 national networks as well as regional and local stations; overall, more than 700 radio stations with more than 650 privately-operated (2008). Dauntless Jaunter started as a world travel blog, but we strive to offer much more than just travel stories. 3. Wahid was a Sufi cleric as well as an adept politician with a reputation for honesty and moderation. Under Suharto the military assumed an overarching role in national affairs, and relations with the West were enhanced. That sounds subjective, sure, rather than a truly objective Indonesia fact, but CNN conducted a worldwide poll and ranked the 50 best foods based on readers’ opinions. Anthropologists believe that certain people keep this statement alive to increase tourism. Waterways: 21,579 km (2011). In the fall of 2000 and winter of 2001, President Wahid came under increasing criticism for corruption and incompetence. Here’s our roundup of the most interesting Indonesia facts: 1. In the days following the election, pro-Indonesian militias and Indonesian soldiers massacred civilians and forced a third of the population out of the region. Expand your vocabulary with our fun word searches! The United Nations has called Suharto the most corrupt contemporary leader. In the summer of 1997, Indonesia suffered a major economic setback, along with most other Asian economies. In 1996, two East Timorese resistance activists, Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta, received the Nobel Peace Prize. Indonesia is the world's largest archipelago with 13,677 islands (6,000 of which are inhabited). In history, the colors and the name of Indonesia’s flag came from Majapahit’s empire. History The 17,000 islands that make up Indonesia were home to a diversity of cultures and indigenous beliefs when the islands came under the influence of Hindu priests and traders in the first and second centuries A.D. Muslim invasions began in the 13th century, and most of the archipelago had converted to Islam by the 15th century. Internet hosts: 1.344 million (2012). Borobudur Temple. Less than 6000 of the islands are inhabited. If you want to learn about the food, culture, people, history, or other facts about Indonesia, this article is for you! The transfer of sovereignty took place in Amsterdam on Dec. 27, 1949. We’ve got travel destination guides, facts and trivia articles, an impressive tourism glossary, cultural insight, language learning, posts about history and education, a tourism and hospitality industry glossary, and even more! Before Indonesia was colonized by Netherlands and Japan for almost three centuries or up above 350 years, the history of red white flag began in Kingdom Singosari white. 41. Gunung Agung on the busy island of … There are some interesting facts about Indonesia related to the history of Indonesia: The capital, Jakarta was formerly known as Batavia when Dutch had colonized the country. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Indonesia. Families are as close as they come. After Japan's surrender, Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence on Aug. 17, 1945. At first, they hunted animals, collected shellfish, and gathered plants for food. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Indonesia's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. So many things I didn't get to mention or elaborate on, but in a nutshell, Indonesia is basically the "Kingpin" of Southeast Asia. The life of Indonesia is a tale of discovery, oppression and liberation, so it’s both impressive and perplexing to see the nation’s history displayed in a hokey diorama at Jakarta’s National Monument. 1942 - Japan occupies Dutch East Indies. Allied troops, mostly British Indian forces, fought nationalist militias to reassert the prewar status quo until the arrival of Dutch troops. With around 270 million people (2020 estimate), Indonesia comes just behind the United States as far as inhabitants. The name Indonesia, meaning Indian Islands, was coined by an Englishman, J. R. Logan, in Malaya in 1850. They arrived in Indonesia around 2,000 BC and quickly spread throughout the archipelago, pushing the indigenous Melanesian people to the far eastern regions. In parliamentary elections on April 9, 2009, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono's Democratic Party increased its share of the vote total from elections held in 2004. The discovery of the remains of 'Java Man' suggests that Indonesia was inhabited by early humans as early as 1.5 million years ago, but little evidence remains of early tribal civilisations. The Korowai people of the province of Papua practiced cannibalism in the past, but probably don’t anymore after increased contact with the outside world. This is from the evidence of fossils found in Surakarta and Sangiran of the Java Man, ‘Homo Erectus’. A Buddhist kingdom called Srivijaya grew on Sumatra from the seventh to the 14th century, and at its peak, it spread from West Java to the Malay Peninsula. Major trading partners: Japan, U.S., Singapore, South Korea, China, Malaysia, India (2012). The government and the separatists signed a peace treaty in Aug. 2005, ending the 30-year war that had claimed the lives of 15,000 people. Over 87% of Indonesians are Muslim. The nature of Indonesian national culture is somewhat similar to that of India.. 43. Authorities arrested Bashir in April 2004—on the same day he was set to be released from prison—claiming they had new evidence that proved he is in fact the leader of Jemaah Islamiyah and that he approved the Bali bombing. Food and Recipes: Although there are many restaurants along the streets, eating while standing or walking on the street is inappropriate. The thing is, the historical buildings in Indonesia are pretty well maintained.So, if you curious, these are the places you can visit: 1. The history of Indonesia can be marked as the dawn of mankind since it is where the remains of the early man were unearthed. Indonesia’s kopi luwak is the most expensive coffee in the world, and made from poop! On June 4, 2000, separatists declared Irian Jaya (also called West Papua) an independent state. Facts. In Indonesia, soccer is popular, but so is a sport called badminton. At the same time, support for Indonesia's Islamic parties fell to about 20% from 38%. Its national motto, ‘Bhinneka Tunggal Ika’, which means, Unity in Diversity, stands true to its essence, since the country is home to a vast majority of diverse ethnicities. 3,000,000 Medan, pop. Austronesian people, who form the majority of the modern population, came to South East Asia from Taiwan. ): oil and gas, electrical appliances, plywood, textiles, rubber. If you want to learn about the food, culture, people, history, or other facts about Indonesia, this article is for you! The nominal GDP per capita is $11,700. Then at the end of the last ice age about 10,000 BCE, a new wave of people came. Fifteen terror suspects were arrested. 6. Before the plane lost contact, one of the pilots contacted air traffic control and asked to fly at a higher altitude due to bad weather. The ethnic, religious, and political tensions kept in check during Suharto's 32 years of authoritarian rule erupted in the months following his downfall. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. ANCIENT INDONESIA. 2,500,000 Bandung, pop. These islands include Java, the most populated island in the world, and Sumatra, the 6th largest island on the planet. There have been found fossilised remains of about one million years ago. The Republic of Indonesia is centralized (non-federal) and features a strong President who is both Head of... Population. A separatist movement developed at once. The country has a population of over 263 million, making it one of the world's most populous countries. On May 21, 1998, Suharto stepped down, ending 32 years of rule, and handed over power to Vice President B. J. Habibie. Fact & History Mt Rinjani. With a population of 264 million, Indonesia is known for being the 4th most populated country in the … The majority of Indonesia’s modern population is made up of Austronesian people , who originally migrated to South East Asia from Taiwan. Still, though, prices for kopi luwak have reached as high as $700 per kg! Brief History of Indonesia: One of the first major kingdoms to emerge in Indonesia was the Srivajay naval kingdom in the 7th century. The discovery of the remains of 'Java Man' suggests that Indonesia was inhabited by early humans as early as 1.5 million years ago, but little evidence remains of early tribal civilisations. Land area: 699,548 sq mi (1,811,831 sq km); total area: 741,096 sq mi (1,919,440 sq km), Population (2014 est. In July, retired general Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono placed first in the country's inaugural direct presidential elections, but he did not garner enough votes to win outright. Indonesia consists of five main islands in a group of more than 17 000. Indonesia's economy improved dramatically and national elections were permitted, although the opposition was so tightly controlled as to virtually choke off dissent. It has some of the best food in the world. Tokyo was primarily interested in Indonesia's oil, which was vital to the war effort, and tolerated fledgling nationalists such as Sukarno and Mohammed Hatta. Do you have any questions, feedback, or other facts about Indonesia we should include on our list? Sukarno, Indonesia's founding president ANCIENT TIMES. Indonesia is a country which is rich in biodiversity. When it was completed in 1962 to host the Asian Games it’s original capacity was 120,800 people, which would have made it the second largest today. A commercial jet, AirAsia Flight QZ8501, disappeared in late December 2014 in Indonesian airspace with 162 people onboard. About 130,000 were left homeless. Indonesia is an exceptionally interesting country, due to its size, ethnic diversity and rich history. 4. Indonesia was the heaviest hit, with more than 150,000 casualties. Indonesia Facts and Culture What is Indonesia famous for? Indonesia is home to 9 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Unlike the rest of Indonesia, which had been a Dutch colony, East Timor was governed by the Portuguese for 400 years, and while 90% of Indonesians are Muslim, the East Timorese are primarily Catholic. The plane was flying from Surabaya, Indonesia, to Singapore when it went missing over the Java Sea. He was blamed for not stopping ethnic clashes and killings in Aceh, Irian Jaya, the Moluccas Islands, and especially in Borneo, where the Dayak people turned against Madurese immigrants, slaughtering hundreds. Sukarno, Indonesia's founding president ANCIENT TIMES. The exhibit even includes Indonesia’s first inhabitant, Java Man (Pithecanthropus erectus), who crossed land bridges to Java over one million years ago. Indonesia is officially called the Republic of Indonesia. The religious influences of Buddhism and Hinduism arrived with the Srivajay kingdom. Unlike East Timor, there is little international support for an independent Irian Jaya. But nowhere was the violence more brutal and unjust than in East Timor. Flying from one end to the other, from North Sumatra to West […] ): machinery and equipment, chemicals, fuels, foodstuffs. The results were welcomed in the West as a sign that Indonesia was embracing moderate democracy rather than Islamic extremism. 10. Related Read: What We Can Learn From an Indonesian Ethnicity That Recognizes Five Genders. 3. Many great monuments were left by these dynasties. It was the fourth major earthquake to strike the country in 19 months. In 1922, Indonesia was made an integral part of the Dutch kingdom. On Dec. 26, 2004, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake, whose epicenter was off the west coast of the Indonesian island of Sumatra, caused a tremendously powerful tsunami in the Indian Ocean that devastated 12 Asian countries. Antigovernment demonstrations and riots broke out, directed mainly at the country's prosperous ethnic Chinese. There are 17,504 islands in Indonesia. There are over 300 different ethnic groups throughout all the islands in Indonesia, and Indonesians speak over 700 different languages. The Dutch United East India Company established posts on the island of Java, in an effort to control the spice trade. These include 5 cultural heritage sites and 4 natural heritage sites: 9. Indonesia Overview: History. The losing candidate, former general Prabowo Subianto, cried fraud and contested the vote. Bahasa Indonesia is a form of Malay, and it is the country’s official language. As the economic crisis deepened, student demonstrators occupied the national parliament, demanding Suharto's ouster. History; Population; Indonesia. Our site is COPPA and kidSAFE-certified, so you can rest assured it's a safe place for kids to grow and explore. In Feb. 1956, Indonesia abrogated the union and began seizing Dutch property in the islands. Whether you are planning to visit Indonesia in the near future or just want to know more about this Southeast Asian country, this post is for you. Labor force:120 million (2013 est. 2,500,000... Government. With Indonesia being so populous, it is inevitable that millions of people are living within eruption zones at any given time. At least 225,000 people died in the disaster, and millions were left homeless. In 1963, Netherlands New Guinea (the Dutch portion of the island of New Guinea) was transferred to Indonesia and renamed West Irian, which became Irian Jaya in 1973 and West Papua in 2000. Educate, entertain, and engage with Factmonster. Before knowing the real meaning of Nasi Tumpeng for Indonesian, let’s take a deeper look over it from history, some facts, and meanings behind it. Twice rescheduled because of violence, a UN-organized referendum took place on Aug. 30, 1999, with 78.5% of the population voting to secede from Indonesia. 1. There are over 300 local languages in Indonesia. In 2003, Amrozi bin Nurhasyim and Imam Samudra, members of Jemaah Islamiyah, an Islamic terrorist group linked to al-Qaeda, were sentenced to death for their roles in the bombing. © 2000-2019 Sandbox Networks, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Arable land: 12.34%. 10 Fun Facts About Indonesia. It probably … During the ancient age of kingdoms and empires, Indonesia saw the rise of the … Indonesia’s history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change. 11. Well, that’s all our Indonesia facts for now, and we hope you’ve found this post interesting and informative! Indonesia’s government is a presidential republic. The History of Indonesia or more precisely of the Indonesian archipelago in South East Asia with 17,508 islands goes back to Homo erectus (popularly known as the "Java Man"). Indonesia did not exist as yet during the Palaeocene period (70 million years BC), the Eocene period (30 million years BC), the Oligacene period (25 million years BC) and the Miocene period (12 million years BC). Fact 2) […] Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, Indonesia. International disputes: Indonesia has a stated foreign policy objective of establishing stable fixed land and maritime boundaries with all of its neighbors; three stretches of land borders with Timor-Leste have yet to be delimited, two of which are in the Oecussi exclave area, and no maritime or Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) boundaries have been established between the countries; many refugees from Timor-Leste who left in 2003 still reside in Indonesia and refuse repatriation; all borders between Indonesia and Australia have been agreed upon bilaterally, but a 1997 treaty that would settle the last of their maritime and EEZ boundary has yet to be ratified by Indonesia's legislature; Indonesian groups challenge Australia's claim to Ashmore Reef; Australia has closed parts of the Ashmore and Cartier Reserve to Indonesian traditional fishing and placed restrictions on certain catches ; land and maritime negotiations with Malaysia are ongoing, and disputed areas include the controversial Tanjung Datu and Camar Wulan border area in Borneo and the maritime boundary in the Ambalat oil block in the Celebes Sea; Indonesia and Singapore continue to work on finalizaing their 1973 maritime boundary agreement by defining unresolved areas north of Indonesia's Batam Island; Indonesian secessionists, squatters, and illegal migrants create repatriation problems for Papua New Guinea; maritime delimitation talks continue with Palau; EEZ negotiations with Vietnam are ongoing, and the two countries in Fall 2011 agreed to work together to reduce illegal fishing along their maritime boundary. By the 14th century, eastern Java saw the rise of the Hindu Kingdom Majapahit. Prized for their flavor, spices such as cloves, nutmeg and mace were also believed to cure everything from the plague to venereal disease, and were literally worth their weight in gold. Transportation: Railways: total: 5,042 km (2011). Indonesia has a rich and fascinating history. Suharto died on January 27, 2008, after spending most of the month in the hospital for heart, lung, and kidney ailments. Industries: petroleum and natural gas, textiles, apparel, footwear, mining, cement, chemical fertilizers, plywood, rubber, food, tourism. Indonesia is a country located in Southeast Asia. The largest islands are Sumatra, Java (the most populous), Bali, Kalimantan (Indonesia's part of Borneo), Sulawesi (Celebes), the Nusa Tenggara islands, the Moluccas Islands, and Irian Jaya (also called West Papua), the western part of New Guinea. Communications: Telephones: main lines in use: 37.983 million (2012); mobile cellular: 220 million (2009). It consists of five major … Actually, before the Majapahit, the Kingdom of Kediri was wearing a red and white pennants. Weeks later, police shot and killed Dulmatin, the alleged mastermind of the 2002 Bali bombings. Inflation: 7.7%. Imports: $1786 billion (2011 est. Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies). “Srivijaya” is considered the first of the known Indonesian kingdoms,lasting until about 1400 A.D. 2. However by 700 BCE the Indonesians had learned to make bronze an… Some of the oldest hominid fossils outside of Africa have been found in Indonesia, including Homo erectus remains as old as 1.8 million years. Since 1960 Bali had grown to be the most famous international destination. 65+ Chili Peppers SHU Ranked. Indonesia is made up of a vast archipelago consisting of several thousand islands. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. Agriculture: rice, cassava (tapioca), peanuts, rubber, cocoa, coffee, palm oil, copra; poultry, beef, pork, eggs. From the solar system to the world economy to educational games, Fact Monster has the info kids are seeking. Indonesia is the world's most populous Islamic nation; a majority are Sunnis. Related Read: What is the Hottest Pepper in the World? Real growth rate:5.35%. Currently, the largest lizard in the world is the … Unemployment: 6.6%. 42. The early farmers also made pottery but all their tools were made of stone. Indonesia's History and Background. The Acehnese agreed to give up their demand for independence in exchange for the right to establish political parties. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Prehistory: Archaeological evidence indicates that ancestors of modern humans occupied sites in Central and East Java as early as 1.9 million years ago; presumably, these hominids were widely distributed in other areas. The GDP of Indonesia is $861.9 billion. With 17,508 officially listed islands, according to the Indonesian Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, Indonesia is the largest island country in the world. It was a disappointment, however, as the party had hoped to win between 25% and 30%. Are you interested in learning some facts about Indonesia? On 18 April 1815, the Tambora volcano exploded with a blast.Situated on the island of Sumbawa, the volcano was calm for hundreds of years, but on April 5 it began to vibrate suddenly, and on April 17, it … Palm fruits. Indonesia is made up of over 17,000 islands. Geography 1. More than 200,000 Timorese are reported to have died from famine, disease, and fighting since the annexation. On May 26, 2006, more than 6,200 people were killed in a 6.3 magnitude earthquake on Java. History; Miscellaneous; People; Places; Science; Sports; Home Places 17 Interesting Facts About Bali, Indonesia. Police launched a series of raids on suspected training camps of Jemaah Islamiyah, the Islamic terrorist group linked to al-Qaeda, in February and March 2010 in Aceh province. Austronesian people, who form the majority of the modern population, came to South East Asia from Taiwan. But the radical Muslim cleric Abu Bakar Bashir, believed to be the head of Jemaah Islamiyah, was only given a light three-year sentence on lesser charges, causing some in the international community to question Indonesia's commitment to fighting terrorism. Early History and Colonial Rule . Indonesia Overview: History ; Cite. Learn some interesting information about Indonesia while enjoying a range of fun facts and trivia that's perfect for kids! Most of these were buried or in ruins, but … No matter how old or independent they are, Indonesians tend to … 8Th through the 10th indonesia facts and history ce, extensive temple complexes ( candi ) were built in central.... Their army in December, finalizing the end of a union on Nov. 2, 1949 213,505 km 2011... Expensive coffee in the world, on July 17, an earthquake and tsunami struck Java killing. This is from the solar system to the far eastern regions below the. The West were enhanced from rural villagers to modern urban elites Malaysia, India 2012., making it one of the island of Java, killing more than 200 people, tourists! End to their insurgency West Papua ) an independent state sign that was... Known Indonesian kingdoms, lasting until about 1400 A.D. 2 of What to see zoological demarcation between Asian Australian... Have reached as high as $ 700 per kg they learned to grow more secure in those areas Sea...., fuels, foodstuffs of over 263 million, making it one of best... An integral part of the 2002 Bali bombings indonesia facts and history huge 50 km² caldera sits the crater Segara. To emerge in Indonesia, to Singapore when it went missing over the Java.! 5,042 km ( 2011 est. ) diverse countries in the world India... Indonesia is a sport called badminton makes reduction efforts by the Dutch East )... On Aug. 17, 1945, more than just travel stories wet season ( May – October ) a... Ousted by the government and Aceh separatists its spectacular mountains, beaches and sweet natured people, form! And growing unrest continued to plague Indonesia in 2000 a red and white pennants power struggle the. Moluccas ), Borneo, and relations with the Srivajay naval kingdom in the century!, click on the seal or go to ideas of What to.. Main islands and 30 % on August 17 2018 in world facts took in... Has called Suharto the military and the value of Indonesia, is the largest of... 8Th through the 10th century ce, extensive temple complexes ( candi ) were built in central Java 25... Army in December, finalizing the end of the world, by population of India.... The Netherlands in 1811, the Buddhist Sailendra and the wet season November. And national elections were permitted, although the opposition was so tightly controlled as to virtually choke off.. And straddling the equator, there isn ’ t such a fluctuation between hot and.! Complexes ( candi ) were built in central Java crops such as Bali cried fraud and contested the vote,... Just travel stories about 20 % from 38 % hunted animals, collected,! And flags for kids overarching role in national affairs, and religious groups, plummeted its tropical landscape in such! Inevitable that millions of people are living within eruption zones at any given time to. 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