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The army is responsible for national defence and also internal security. A map showing the Governorates of Tunisia. , After independence in 1956, the art movement in Tunisia was propelled by the dynamics of nation building and by artists serving the state. The railway network is operated by SNCFT and amounts to 2,135 kilometres (1,327 mi) in total. protection of water environment and combating pollution. , Amazighs are concentrated in the Dahar mountains and on the island of Djerba in the south-east and in the Khroumire mountainous region in the north-west. , The four years of secondary education are open to all holders of Diplôme de Fin d'Etudes de l'Enseignement de Base where the students focus on entering university level or join the workforce after completion.  Tunisia provides good quality drinking water throughout the year.. As of 2008[update], Tunisia had an army of 27,000 personnel equipped with 84 main battle tanks and 48 light tanks.  The Tunis Financial harbour will deliver North Africa's first offshore financial centre at Tunis Bay in a project with an end development value of US$3 billion. Around 1200 they succeeded in extending their rule over the whole of Tunisia until they were crushed by Almohad troops in 1207. Initially under Turkish rule from Algiers, soon the Ottoman Porte appointed directly for Tunis a governor called the Pasha supported by janissary forces. for its policy on recreational drug use, for instance automatic 1-year prison sentences for consuming cannabis. Under French colonization, European settlements in the country were actively encouraged; the number of French colonists grew from 34,000 in 1906 to 144,000 in 1945. Tunisia country code To call to Tunisia use the international country calling code +216 followed by the national phone number you want to call.Tunisia is located in Africa and uses Dinar.It has around 10 996 600 inhabitants, 1 105 000 landlines and 12 840 000 cell phone users. Since January 2011 and at the direction of the executive branch, the military has taken on increasing responsibility for domestic security and humanitarian crisis response. From November 1942 until May 1943, Vichy Tunisia was occupied by Nazi Germany. Tunisia phone country code, Code to call Tunis - Tunisia. From the age of 8, they are taught French while English is introduced at the age of 12. Numerous civilizations and peoples have invaded, migrated to, or have been assimilated into the population over the millennia, with influences of population from Phoenicians/Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Arabs, Spaniards, Ottoman Turks and Janissaries, and French.  This mosque is the oldest and most prestigious sanctuary in the Muslim West with the oldest standing minaret in the world; it is also considered a masterpiece of Islamic art and architecture. The calling chart above will help you find the dialing codes you need to make long distance phone calls to friends, family, and business partners around the globe. Tunisia is one of the European Union's most established trading partners in the Mediterranean region and ranks as the EU's 30th largest trading partner. Critical approach to the activities of the president, government and the Constitutional Democratic Rally Party (then in power) were suppressed.  The Tunis area is served by a Light rail network named Metro Leger which is managed by Transtu. , According to the 1956 Tunisian census, Tunisia had a population at the time of 3,783,000 residents, mainly consisting of Berbers and Arabs. Tanit's symbol, a simple female figure with extended arms and long dress, is a popular icon found in ancient sites. , A new exposition opened in an old monarchal palace in Bardo dubbed the "awakening of a nation". The date is . Also, Tunisia was occupied by Ayyubids between 1182 and 1183 and again between 1184 and 1187.. , Tunisia is subdivided into 24 governorates (Wilaya), which are further divided into 264 "delegations" or "districts" (mutamadiyat), and further subdivided into municipalities (baladiyats) and sectors (imadats). During World War II, French Tunisia was ruled by the collaborationist Vichy government located in Metropolitan France. Ennahda's stance on the issue was criticized by hardline Islamists, who wanted strict sharia, but was welcomed by secular parties. , The French derivative Tunisie was adopted in some European languages with slight modifications, introducing a distinctive name to designate the country.  Nonetheless, the current regulatory framework and social and political culture mean that the future of press and media freedom is still unclear.. The Enseignement secondaire is divided into two stages: general academic and specialized. Remove any leading ‘+’ from the phone number. TUN Alpha-3. ICAO aircraft regis. (Eg: Calling from Tunisia to United Kingdom: 0 + 44 for United Kingdom and then your phone number in United Kingdom). , After the Reconquista and expulsion of non-Christians and Moriscos from Spain, many Spanish Muslims and Jews also arrived.  Sunnis form the majority with non-denominational Muslims being the second largest group of Muslims, followed by Ibadite Amazighs. Planning, design and  In fact, Tunisia along with Morocco has been said to be the Arab countries most accepting of their Jewish populations. They founded the first Islamic city in Northwest Africa, Kairouan.  Nearly a third of the books are published for children.. A Ministry of Culture was established, under the leadership of ministers such as Habib Boularès who oversaw art and education and power. 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